Vedas are revelations of ancient rishis. They are mantric in style and multiple layered in meaning. Each verse contains meaning for different levels of awareness. The four goals of life according to the Vedas: They are dharma, artha, kama and moksha. The Word dharma has many meanings and one of them is a purpose of purusha’s incarnation on material level. Artha has general meaning for material resources acquired
for fulfilling of dharma and (optionally) kama and moksha. Kama means desire (based on attraction) to experience enjoyment. Moksha means liberation from bondage of material manifestation and has different meaning in different yogic and philosophical traditions. Each mystic school claims that its methods lead to a final liberation, while others lead only to an inferior levels or realizations.
Types of Zodiacs
The Tropical Zodiac:
Limited part of sky within which planets are seen is called zodiac. Tropical Zodiac is based on orientation of Earth to Sun. Zodiac measured from point of vernal equinox (apparent position of Sun at the commencement of Spring), which moves in relation to the fixed stars is called movable or Tropical Zodiac. The orientation of equinoxes to the stars changes over time according to the procession of the Earth to its axis. Orientation of the Earth related to fixed stars makes a complete circuit of the zodiac over a period around 25 000 years.
The Sidereal Zodiac:
The zodiac, which corresponds to the actual constellations or the fixed stars, is called Sidereal Zodiac. This type of zodiac is used in Vedic astrology.
Ayanamsha mean difference between tropical and sidereal zodiacs. This term defines difference between point of vernal equinox in fixed stars and that of first point of the constellation Aries. There is controversy among astrologers on exact degrees and minutes of the Ayanamsha (more exactly, – what to count as a starting point of Aries). Lahiri Ayanamsha (21 degree and 10 minutes) is used as a standard by the government of India.
Natural benefics are Jupiter (Guru), Venus (Shukra), Moon (Chandra) and Mercury (Buddha).
Natural malefics are Saturn (Shani), Rahu, Sun (Surya), Mars (Kuja) and Ketu.
Types of Charts
Divisional charts provide detail and specificity in the delineation of planetary influences. Jyotish considers divisional placement by sign only. Each divisional chart has specific usage and focuses on particular areas of life.
Hora chart is a second divisional chart. It gives solar or lunar status of planets and does not place them is signs like other divisional charts. The first part of odd signs is ruled by Sun, the second half by Moon. The Moon rules the first half of even signs; the second half by the Sun. Solar division planets give more reliance on one’s own inner power and give initiative. Lunar division planets give more reliance on social influences, family, the past. The Hora chart is often given influence and relate to wealth.
Masculine planets (Sun, Mars, Jupiter) are stronger in hora of Sun. Planets of feminine nature (Moon, Venus, Saturn) are stronger in the hora of Moon. When a ruler of second house is placed in its appropriate hora, it gives better results for the affairs of the second house.
The Drekkana chart:
Drekkana chart is a third divisional chart. The first third (ten degrees 00 – 10) of any sign is ruled by sign itself. The middle third (10 – 20) is ruled by subsequent sign of the same element. The last third (20 – 30) is ruled by the final sign of the same element. Drekkana corresponds in meaning to the third house, relating to the brothers, sisters, friends, alliances. It shows our capacity to work in group to achieve a particular goal. It indicates energy, curiosity, courage and prowess. The position of the lord of third house in the birth chart should be examined in the Drekkana, as well as Mars (natural indicator of third house).
The position of the lord of the Drekkana Ascendant should be examined in the birth chart. This is important for determining the affairs of siblings. Drekkana is also useful for fine tuning of sun, moon and Ascendant positions. When native has many planets located in the same sign, then we can discriminate their action by their decanate positions.
The Navamsha or divisional ninth chart:
The Navamsha is a main divisional chart and like the birth chart is examined for all domains of life. Some astrologists consider Rashi chart as a summary of whole potential of karma and Navamsha as a representation of ripened karma for current incarnation. A weak Navamsha but strong rashi chart shows strong potential but difficulties in manifestation. Each sign is divided into nine equal parts of 03 degree and 20 minutes. The first ninth of a sign is governed by cardinal sign of the same element, followed by the rest of signs from it in order through the zodiac. Navamsha shows us the interrelationship between the birth chart and the nakshatras. Each Navamsha sign corresponds to one quarter (03 degree and 20 minutes) of the nakshatra. The Navamsha refers to marriage and to the partner and relationships in general. Comparison of Navamsha charts of couples can give information about their dharmic and spiritual compatibility. Navamsha corresponds in meaning to the ninth house, relating to dharma, spiritual motivation. The positions of Jupiter (significator of ninth house) and the atmakaraka in Navamsha are of particular importance.
Importance of the divisional twelfth chart:
The Dwadashamsha, twelfth divisional chart, is past karma chart. It traditionally indicates
parents but stands for past conditioning generally. It can be used as a birth chart of last incarnation. It indicates what soul brings with it into this birth. It shows karmic reason for our particular character and destiny in life.
One of the best ways to understand people is according to their planetary types. This is the foundation of all deeper astrological studies. Generally, people are characterized by one planetary type. Individuals will reflect their ruling planet, both in terms of physiology and psychology. While a certain spectrum of types exists under each planet, as each planet has both higher and lower energies, still each maintains its main characteristics. The following types are indicative only and not to be taken too rigidly. Planetary types may combine two or three planets in relatively equal strength, so these delineations have to be modified accordingly.
Sun, Mars and Ketu types are usually Pitta (fire). Moon, Jupiter and Venus are usually Kapha (water). Saturn, Mercury and Rahu are usually Vata (air). But this is not always the case. Planetary types are more psychological than physical in nature.
Some people may reflect one planet on an inner or spiritual level but another planet on an outer or mundane level. A person, for example, may have a very devoted, lunar soul but outwardly be very thin and dry. Again, nature has basic types but plays the full spectrum of her qualities and is not rigidly limited by her general laws. Basic planetary types are nine, whereas Ayurvedic types are only three.
Determination of Planetary Types
The Ascendant or Moon sign best characterizes some people. Others are better represented by a combination of planetary influences, so this typology should not be applied rigidly. The strongest planet in the birth-chart usually determines the planetary type. This is usually the lord of the Ascendant, Moon or Sun or the planet that most strongly aspects or influences them. Planets in Mahapurusha Yogas often determine the planetary type. The planet nearest the mid-heaven can gain such strength, as does the planet closest to its point of exaltation. The planet that is Atmakaraka in the Jaimini system (possessing the highest longitude or highest number of degrees in any particular sign) often represents the planetary type. The dominant planet usually determines the career, temperament and often the physical type.
One planetary type is not necessarily better than any other is. Higher and lower types exist for each planet. These depend upon the ability of the person to bring in the spiritual energy of the planet.
Even spiritually evolved people have their planetary types. An example is the sage Ramana Maharshi who said to be an incarnation of Skanda, the deity of the planet Mars but according to its spiritual energy of knowledge, inquiry and self-discipline.
Planetary types are often evident just by looking at a person. Solar types radiate light and warmth. Lunar types are maternal and receptive. Generally, in Vedic Astrology we identify people by their ruling or most powerful planet, not so much by their sign as in Western Astrology.