Shadbala is a system of computation, which aids in determination of planetary strengths. A planet strong in Shadbala will have power in the chart. Shadbala tells if a planet is likely to have enough strength to fulfil its role in the chart.
Main factors of positional strength (sthana bala):
1) Uccha Bala (exaltation strength): how close a planet is from its position of exaltation. 2) Saptavargaja Bala (divisional strength): its residential strength in the seven divisional charts. 3) Ojayugramasyamsa Bala (odd-even sign strength). 4) Kendra Bala (angular strength): its strength in terms of house position. 5) Drekkana Bala (decanate strength): its strength in terms of decanate location.
Main factors of temporal strength (kala bala):
1) Nathonnatha Bala (day-night strength). 2) Paksha Bala (monthly strength). 3) Tribanga Bala (4-hours strength). 4) Abdadhipati Bala (lord of the year strength). 5) Masadhipati Bala (lord of the month strength). 6) Varadhipati Bala (lord of day strength). 7) Hora Bala (lord of hour strength). 8) Ayana Bala (declinational strength). 9) Yuddha Bala (planetary war strength).
Directional strength (dig bala):
This is one of the main factors of planetary strength, which helps to understand the power of planets in the houses. The point of directional strength is similar to that of exaltation strength. Every planet has one houses position in which they gain directional strength: Sun and Mars, – tenth house; Saturn, – seventh house; Moon and Venus, – fourth house; Jupiter and Mercury, – first house. For this system to work, a house system must consider the Midheaven as the cusp of the tenth house.
Limitations of Shadbala:
Shadbala shows the basic strength and weakness of the planets but we have to look at chart for what they are empowered to do. Shadbala doesn’t appear to adequately consider planetary aspects. It reads aspectual strength into its factors, but this doesn’t count for much 9 (it is rarely makes difference more than 5%). For chart reading aspects are more important than any Shadbala factors. Shadbala’s factors sometimes cancel each other out. While its calculations are each useful to consider in themselves, it is not always useful to average them all out.
Planetary Positional Meanings:
If most of the planets in the chart are located below the horizon: It shows introvert nature of individual. More evolved type will be attracted to meditation. Natives with such chart will be inexpressive or withdraw their feelings or motivations. They can be successful in the outer world, but they will work behind the scenes or through other people.
What does it mean if they are located above the horizon: Such position indicates extravert, outgoing, political nature of individual. Native will be communicative, but possibly superficial. More evolved type may express spirituality through work or communication.
Most of the planets are in such opposite houses as the first and seventh:
Houses first and seventh are the houses of self and other. Many planets on this axis indicate prime issues in relationship and self-identity. When planets are of conflicting nature, they show conflict between self and other, if they are of harmonious nature, they show harmony on this axis.
The main houses that govern wealth:
Main houses that govern wealth are second (gain through own effort) and eleventh house of income. Lords of those houses can create combinations for wealth, which are known as a Dhana Yoga.
The second and eleventh houses:
Second house shows gains through our own personal efforts or work we do with our hands or with our speech. Eleventh house gives income through our friends, associations and greater goals of life.
Moon important in any affairs relating to the public:
The Moon represents our capacity to influence people, to have an impact upon society, to reach the masses. It gives popularity and recognition and keeps us in harmony with the trends of the time.
The partner in the birth chart of a woman? Of a man:
Traditionally, from dharmic point of view, Jupiter represents partner (husband) for the women (eastern type). Mars also can be considered as a significator of partner for female but rather as sexual and emotional passion (that is more applicable for the western type of women). For the male relationship potential involves examination position of Venus. Other factors which should be considered for both male and female: seventh house and its lord. Position of Mars and its possible affliction to marriage should be examined (for presence of Kuja Dosha Yoga). As a secondary factor, fifth house (house of romance) and its lord can be examined for western people too.
Certain positions of Mars in houses create difficulties in marriage and relationships, – that effect is named as a Kuja Dosha (blemish of Mars). The relevant houses are first, fourth, seventh, eighth and twelfth. Exceptions are for the first house if the sign is Areas, for fourth house if it is Scorpio, for the seventh if it is Capricorn or Pisces, for the eight if it is cancer and for the twelfth if it is a Sagittarius. Such placement should not be interpreted simplistically, since many charts have them. They should be reinforced by other negative influences on the seventh house, its lord and marriage significator. Kuja Dosha has many exceptions and four are the most important: 1) generally speaking, anyone who has Kuja Dosha can safely marry anyone else who has Kuja Dosha of approximately equal strength; 2) even the strongest Kuja Dosha is over and done after native reaches age thirty; 3) Mars in its own or exaltation rashi generally greatly modifies any Kuja Dosha; 4) The presence of the Moon in the house Mars occupies also cancels Kuja Dosha.
Relationship Studies – Planetary Positions
Sun-Moon interchanges important in chart comparisons for relationship: The Moon represents the general social and emotional capacity for good relationships. It represents in man’s chart his capacity to relate to women. This should be examined for long term and general marital and domestic happiness. The Sun similarly represents the woman’s general capacity to relate to men. A weak or afflicted Sun may not give her openness to male energy necessary for a happy relationship. A woman with a weak Sun will often choose weak men as partners, as will a man with a weak Moon.
Venus-Mars interchanges important:
A Venus-Mars interchange signifies strong sexual drive in relationships. It is often not conductive to marital happiness because it causes us to seek additional fulfilment outside of marriage.
Charts of partners should have harmonious Moons:
As Moon represents our feelings, our social and personal side, it is important in all relationships. Moons of both partners should have good relationships, such as in trines from each other. Moons in opposite signs are usually favourable. The planets ruling the Moons in both charts should be friendly to each other.
Kuta points favourable for marriage according to Hindu computative method:
High compatibility is above 25 points. Good compatibility is usually above 20 points. Average is 18 points.
Traditional Hindu computative method of relationship compatibility:
Traditional Kuta system measures primary the compatibility between Moons and Nakshatras. It shows emotional affinity and the ability to function together as a family. Prominence of such evaluation is based on traditional Hindu values of marriage. However, a good Moon relationship is not enough for a successful relationship, without consideration of placement of Jupiter and Venus between the charts. Relationship of Mars-Venus should also be considered for western couples. It is best to use computative method together with comparative method, – it will help to avoid superficial judgments. If points are low but the charts are otherwise in harmony, then it may be sufficient for a good relationship. If points are low, that can be counteracted (unless total points are below 10). If points are high but charts are not in harmony, then it will not be enough for a good relationship. We should examine Kuta system, as it is a quick to note, and then go into comparative analysis for more clear decision on the matter.
Benefics better located in trine and angular houses:
Benefics in Kendra houses will bestow the worldly benefits and achievements. Benefics in Trines gives benefits on material and spiritual levels. Location in ninth house gives favours from outer sources, like parent, gurus, institutions and government. Location in fifth indicates beneficial collection of samskaras (as a cause of karma) and good intelligence. Generally, planets in angular houses are stronger than in trine positions.
Malefics do better in Upachaya houses:
Here they guard the health of the person and are a source of strength, vitality, motivation and give the capacity to do hard work and make great achievements. However, if there is more than one malefic in sixth of eleventh houses, or there is malefic under malefic aspect, then it can cause health problems and harm other aspects of native’s life (in case of eleventh house).
Raja Yoga is produced by any combination of trine lords (1, 5, 9) and angle lords (1, 4, 7, 10). The best trine lord is ninth, then followed by fifth and first. The tenth is the strongest among Kendra lords followed by fourth, first and seventh. Raja Yoga which involves sevens lord is very weak and should be considered only if stronger combinations exist in chart. Some astrologers don’t consider aspects between trine and angle lords as Raja Yoga. Raja Yoga formed by one planet was discussed earlier.
The tenth divisional chart (Dashamsha) is much like tenth house in meaning. It shows native’s karmic impact upon world at large. It is important source of information about vocation, career and achievements. It should be examined along with tenth house and its lord in Rashi, Sun, Mercury, Jupiter and other factors for career.